CE13: Vector Tools
Remember the difference between Vector and Raster is the difference between Illustrator and Photoshop. However, there are certain tools that “cross-over”. Vector Tools such as the Rectangle Tool and the Polygon Tool allow you to draw shapes, adjust fill and stroke colors and scale up and down without loosing quality. You can also easily go back and adjust if necessary.
The Dodge tool and the Burn tool lighten or darken areas of the image. These tools are based on a traditional darkroom technique for regulating exposure on specific areas of a print. Photographers hold back light to lighten an area on the print (dodging) or increase the exposure to darken areas on a print (burning). (helpx.adobe.com)
- Experiment with each Vector Shape tool and adjust fill color, stroke color and opacity. Overlap shapes to make a pleasing composition.
- Use Color Theory to pick a pleasing color harmony. Type the color harmony you used in the bottom left corner with 10 pt type.
- Use Dodge and burn tools to help you transition from 2D shape to 3D form.
CE12: Color Theory
Basic Color Theory will help you with choosing pleasing color harmonies. It will also help you analyze images you find online and figure out why you tend to like certain color combinations.
- Make a 12 step color wheel using Swatches Panel
- Label Primary, Secondary and Tertiary hues.
- Make a list of Triadic, Complimentary, Split Complimentary, Analogous, and Quadratic.
- Find and post examples of images using Triadic, Complimentary, Split Complimentary, Analogous, and Quadratic color harmonies.
- Label images with Color harmony used.
- Post images with your color wheel.
Layer Styles/Layer Effects are special options we can use to create drop shadows, neon glow and embossing that can be specific to each layer.
We will work with examples where results are better on light and dark backgrounds.
Task: Examples should be in files that are 800×600 px.
- Play around with Layer Styles using black or white backgrounds. “Glows” work best on black background.
- Show example of Outer glow.
- Show example of using Pattern Overlay, adjust scale. (5 samples)
- Show example of using Stroke Overlay.
- Show example of Drop Shadow.
The menu option Edit-Transform is an extension for using Transform controls.
Using type tool, explore examples of Transforming. Skew, Perspective, Warp, Flip Horiz. and Flip Vert.
Make examples using each transformation method in one file 1200 px x 800 px
**You need to RASTERIZE TYPE before you have access to all the transformation tools.
**You can quickly access distort from the MOVE TOOL by pressing the COMMAND, click and drag a corner. See what happens.
**If you don’t like a transformation, press ESC key.
**Pressing ALT/OPT while scaling, scales from the center outward.
The Layer Mask is your first introduction to working “non-destructively”. Masking will assist you in covering up or revealing pixels all the while keeping every pixel intact. You are not deleting, you are simply covering up or revealing. Since this works in grayscale, we will explore its use with black, white, gray and gradients.
(You should already know: I recommend to always have “Transform Controls” checked when moving part of your image. Doing so will help you see what you moving, rotating, or scaling. In this class exercise, we will perfect our skills with this option for the Move Tool on.)
Taking what we have learned with basic transformations, using “Show Transform Controls”, we will now delve further into transformations using the EDIT menu. In the Transform submenu, we can now take distortions to the extreme.
Transform an image using: EDIT – Transform – Skew, Distort, Perspective, Warp, Flip Horizontal, and Flip Vertical. Post Examples and your original image too. 800x600px examples
If you CMD+click a thumbnail in the Layers panel, it will select everything in the layer. A great thing to incorporate into your workflow.
- Post 1000×800 px composition where you explore gradients in circular format. At least 6 different gradients.
- Post 1000×800 px composition exploring transformations with an object cut from its background.
- In two files, each with three images. Use layer masking techniques to cover up image and reveal background. Use brush, gradient tool and selections, painting in white, black and grey. Remember using masks is working “non-destructively”. Black covers up and white reveals. Transform an object by duplicating and mirroring like we did in the “Bridge” composition.
The Crop Tool allows you to crop to precise measurements and resolutions. In this class exercise, we will cover this and work with multiple files at once.
- Crop Tool
- Crop Tool Options
- Cropping to set dimension and resolution
- Rule of Thirds
- Accepting your crop
- Moving through multiple files as tabs
- “Dragging” files into one another
- Using Google Search Tools
- Arranging Workspace
- Float all in Windows
- New File
- CTRL+TAB (move to next open file)
Gather images that inspire you. These images could be of artists/designers you like, bands, or even food.
1) Create a new file that is 500x500px, use 4 equally sized images to fill your canvas. How big do the images have to be?
2) Create a new file that is 1000x1000px. Create a mosaic of differently sized images. (Minimum of 15 images) Use graph paper to help you map out your mosaic.
Custom brushes can help you create very individualizes concepts. In this Class Exercise we will take something we draw on the computer and turn it into a custom brush.
Create your own custom brush from a “doodle”. Save and post scanned image and brush samples. Paint with your custom brush exploring shape dynamics, hue and opacity. Show at least 10 samples of your one brush you create. Each file/image should be 800×600 px.
Use the Stylus and Tablet to explore pen pressure sensitive drawing.
Post your “doodle” and brush testing using brush dynamics.